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Biometric Identification Machine Failure and Electoral Fraud in a Competitive Democracy
We study election fraud in a competitive but not fully consolidated multiparty democracy. Results from a randomized field experiment are used to investigate the effectiveness of newly-introduced biometric identification machines in reducing election fraud in Ghana’s December 2012 national elections. We uncover a non-random pattern to the frequent breakdowns of the equipment. In polling stations with a randomly assigned domestic election observer, machines were about 50 percent less likely to experience breakdown as they were in polling stations without observers. We also find that electoral competition in the parliamentary race is strongly associated with greater machine breakdown. Machine malfunction in turn facilitated election fraud, including overvoting, registry rigging, and ballot stuffing, especially where election observers were not present. Our results substantiate that partisan competition may promote election fraud in a newly-established competitive democracy. They also show that domestic election observers improve election integrity through direct observation and also thanks to their second-order effects on election administration. Full Publication
“He who knows only his own side of the case, knows little of that. His reasons may be good, and no one may have been able to refute them. But if he is equally unable to refute the reasons on the opposite side; if he does not so much as know what they are, he has no ground for preferring either opinion.” John Stuart Mill, On Liberty. Introduction to Gutter FootballYoung and aspiring footballers in Ghana often play an interesting version of the game called “Gutter-to-Gutter”. The ‘goal posts’ are literally two gutters (often wet, slimy, smelly and filthy) on either side of a road, potholed or otherwise. The aim is to play the ball into the gutter goals. Once in a while when a car approaches, the game gets suspended only to resume when the car has driven past, sometimes leaving a mixture of dust and smoke behind it. The most important item in this game is the ball, the “sock ball”.
GII Report: Monitoring of Abuse of Incumbency Project in Ghana’s 2012 Elections
On the 25th of April 2012, GII, CDD-Ghana and GACC launched a project titled “Monitoring Abuse of Incumbency in Ghana’s 2012 Elections”. The project will span over the period February 2012 to January 2013 and is supported by STAR-Ghana with funding from DFID, DANIDA, EU and USAID. The aim of this project is to monitor and expose the extent of both the occurrence and variety, of abuse of incumbency and pre-election political party corruption in Ghana, as a tool for promoting clean and fair elections in the upcoming 2012 elections. Click here for full report
Government’s decision to cut spending on capitation grant and other social interventions hurting education
The Danquah Institute is worried about the institutionalised nurturing of a future of hopelessness and uncertainties for an estimated 90 percent of Ghanaian children. The situation is being worsened by the policy decision of the current Government to slash funding in the critical areas of Capitation Grant, School Feeding, Teacher Training/Incentives, Textbooks, and the overall administration and investment areas of the Education Sector. The amount allocated under the new Social Intervention Programme (SIP) to Education of GH¢102.9 million is not enough to keep up with inflation. This would hurt the positive trend over the last six years or so which has seen more and more children from deprived backgrounds gaining access to education.
Mike Ocquaye calls for bi-partisan inquiry into Vikileaks
Former Member of Parliament for Dome Kwabenya constituency, Prof Mike Ocquaye, has called for a Parliamentary nquiry into comments made by sacked Deputy Communication Minister, Victoria Hammah, on a leaked tape. Prof Ocquaye who is also a former Second Deputy Speaker of Parliament said Parliament is mandated to enquire into allegations of corruption such as those made by Victoria Hammah. Miss Hammah said on the leaked tape that has gone viral since last week that the Minister of Gender, Women and Social Protection played a key role in the August 25 ruling of the Supreme Court Judges on the 2012 Election Petition.
Concerns Raised by Danquah Institute to the Parliament of Ghana over the $1.5bn Supplier's Credit Facility and the Total $10bn STX Housing Project
BELOW ARE CONTENTS OF A PETITITION PRESENTED TO THE SPEAKER OF PARLIAMENT AND COPIED TO THE PARLIAMENTARY LEADERSHIP BY DI ON FRIDAY, JULY 2, 2010 The Government of Ghana has reached an agreement with STX of Korea for the construction of 200,000 houses. We have analyzed this project and have serious concerns about its integrity. In our estimation the Koreans stand to make between $200 million to $300 million profit from the 30,000 housing construction project for the security agencies. Since it is linked to an agreement with Government to off-take an additional 60,000 housing units from STX, we do not see Government having the capacity to satisfy the totality of that agreement.
In Summary This article offers five reasons for this conclusion: Supreme Court’s reliance on backward looking, mean-spirited, cramped Nigerian precedent. Tolerant and uncritical acceptance of the IEBC’s explanations on the voter registers. Lack of clarity about IEBC’s duty to ensure that final results could be verified against provisional results. The Court’s use of subsidiary legislation to limit the meaning of “votes cast,” an unambiguous phrase in the Constitution. The evidential foreclosure that the Court imposes on itself by taking judicial notice of technology failures instead of treating IEBC as spurious. Sadly, as the saying is, in this judgment, the Supreme Court has only given us reasons that sound good, not good, sound reasons. Read More >>>
INTRODUCTION The process is underway to pass a law that will determine how we use our Oil resources. We at IMANI,AfricanLiberty.org and African Leadership Initiative) have been involved with the analysis of best options for a while. Our review of the Proposals towards the law reveals that the provisions in the bill are likely to lead to the following: Resource Curse phenomenon, as with Nigeria Dutch Disease, where other industries will be neglected and may shrink Political tension with dire consequences as people try to get access to loosely guarded oil revenue Agitation in the Western Region due to neglect and degradation Serious dislocations in the economy
Statement By The NPP 2012 Presidential Candidate, Nana Akufo-Addo, On The Filing Of The Supreme Court Petition - “Every Vote Must Count”
As our Chairman has indicated, a few minutes ago, a petition was filed at the Registry of the Supreme Court, challenging the validity of the result of the presidential election as declared by the Electoral Commission, through its Chairman, on December 9th, 2012.On 10th December, 2012, the Chairman issued C.I. 80 setting out “The Declaration of President-Elect Instrument 2012” in which the NDC presidential candidate, John Dramani Mahama, was declared the first-round winner of the election. C.I 80 was notified in the Gazette on 11th December, 2012.
This report provides institutional assessment of the Electoral Commission of Ghana (hereinafter EC). The assessment was conducted in the period of July-August 2015 under the UNDP-funded project “Conduct of an Institutional Assessment and the Development a Strategic Plan for the Electoral Commission of Ghana”. Full Report