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Research | Danquah Institute - Media, Research & Policy Analysis
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Newsflash

  • GHANA MUST WAKE UP, SHOUT FOR A NEW REGISTER AND SHAKE UP THE EC -

    FITCH Rating’s latest report on Ghana lays particular emphasis on the importance of Ghana’s democracy and stability to the country’s economic prospects. Whiles it gives a negative outlook based on how the economy is being run, Fitch makes the point that Ghana’s credit rating has not, however, fallen below ‘B’ because of the country’s “strong governance record and recent democratic history,” and that, this is “reflected in Ghana’s ability to attract foreign direct investment, which at 7% of GDP is well above that of Nigeria, Gabon, Zambia, Kenya and Angola.”

  • Danquah Institute Reacts to Bogus Polls On NPP General Secretary Race -

    The attention of the Danquah Institute has been drawn to a story making the rounds on social media and now on www.ghanaweb.com, as well, titled “Danquah Institute predicts 64.7% win for Kwabena Agyepong.”

  • The Monetary Policy Committee - November 2013 -

    You are welcome to this Press briefing. The Monetary Policy Committee (MPC) held its 58th meeting on November 25 to 27, 2013 to review the latest economic developments and the monetary policy stance. I present to you the outcome of the deliberations.

    The latest projections by the IMF indicate a pickup in the pace of global activity from 2.9 percent in 2013 to 3.6 percent in 2014, driven largely by the advanced economies with the impulse to global growth expected to come mainly from the United States against weaker prospects in emerging market economies.

  • Africa’s tax systems: progress, but what is the next generation of reforms? -

    Mick MooreTaxation is zipping up the development agenda, but the discussion is often focussed on international aspects such as tax havens or the Robin Hood Tax. Both very important, but arguably, even more important is what happens domestically – are developing country tax systems regressive or progressive? Are they raising enough cash to fund state services? Are they efficient and free of corruption? This absolutely magisterial overview of the state of tax systems in Africa comes from Mick Moore (right), who runs the International Centre for Tax and Development (ICTD). It was first published by the Africa Research Institute.

    Anglophone countries have led the way in reforming tax administration in Africa, considerably more so than their francophone peers. The reasons for this are numerous. Networks of international tax specialists are based mainly in English-speaking countries. Many of the modern systems that promote best practice within tax authorities were developed in anglophone countries, especially Australia. International donors, and particularly the UK’s Department for International Development (DFID), have directly and indirectly promoted a lot of reform of national tax authorities. In fact, this has been one of the success stories of British aid.

  • TWO DECADES OF FREEDOM: What South Africa Is Doing With It, And What Now Needs To Be Done -

    As the 20th anniversary of the birth of democracy in South Africa, on April 27 2014, approaches, it seems a perfect opportunity to take a step back and get a long-range perspective on the important question: “So, what has Nelson Mandela’s South Africa done with its freedom?”

    Goldman Sachs has produced this report in the hope of contributing to- wards a more balanced narrative on South Africa; one, which in the wake of 2012’s tragic events at Marikana, had become somewhat hysterical, short-term and often negative

  • Shifting Power? Assessing the Impact of Transparency and Accountability Initiatives -

    Accountability and transparency initiatives hav e taken democratisation, governance, aid and development circles by storm since the turn of th e century. Many actors involved with them – as donors, funders, programme managers, implementers and researchers – are now keen to know more about what these initiatives are achieving.

    This paper arises from a review of the impact and effectiveness of transparency and accountability initiatives which gathered and analysed existing evidence, discussed how it could be improved, and evaluated how impact and effectiveness could be enhanced. This paper takes the discussion further, by delving into what lies behind the methodological and evaluative debates currently surrounding governance and accountability work. It illustrates how choices about methods are made in the cont ext of impact assessment designs driven by different objectives and different ideological and epistemological underpinnings. We argue that these differences are articulated as methodological debates, obscuring vital issues underlying accountability work, which are about power and politics, not methodological technicalities.

  • ADVISORY NOTES TO PARLIAMENT ON THE PETROLEUM AGREEMENTS BETWEEN THE REPUBLIC OF GHANA, AGM PETROLEUM AND COLA NATURAL RESOURCES -

    The Ministry of Energy has officially laid before Parliament two Petroleum Agreements for ratification following earlier approval by Cabinet. The Agreements are:

    1. Petroleum Agreement among Government of the Republic of Ghana, Ghana National Petroleum Corporation, GNPC Exploration and Production Company Limited and AGM Petroleum Ghana LTD in respect of the South Deepwater Tano Contract Area (and shall be called AGM Contract for the purpose of this Analysis).

    2. Petroleum Agreement among Government of the Republic of Ghana, Ghana National Petroleum Corporation, Cola Natural Resources and Medea in respect of East Cape Three Points Contract Area (and shall be called Cola Contract for the purpose of this analysis).

    This Advisory Notes is provided to members of Parliament to enrich debate during the consideration of the Agreements. The Notes are based on analysis by the Africa Centre for Energy Policy (ACEP) of the Negotiated Agreements and the memoranda accompanying them. These Notes do not cover most of the subjects in the two Agreements as most of them have common provisions. The focus of the analysis therefore covers subjects that show material differences between the Agreements for the purpose of enriching the debate in parliament.

  • CADA DISCUSSES OVER VOTING -

    Of late Ghanaians have become obsessed with throwing electoral ‘jargons’ around arising from the recent Election Petition in the Supreme Court of Ghana and most people have overnight turned themselves into Electoral Specialists in view of the enormous interest generated during the petition hearing. However, there are still lack of clarity and understanding in some of the widely used electoral terminologies. The Centre for African Democratic Affairs (CADA) a ‘Think Tank’ of Election Experts, has taken upon itself the challenge to critically examine some of the terms that created confusion in the minds of people during the court proceedings. One of such terminologies is over voting whose definition is still ambiguous even after the ruling of the Supreme Court. CADA therefore discusses the term Over Voting in the first of its series.

  • A strong Parliament is key to fighting corruption - Minority Leader -

    The Minority Leader in Parliament, Osei Kyei Mensah-Bonsu, has stated that strengthening Parliament’s financial oversight responsibilities is critical to combating corruption.

    He noted that “the evil enterprise of corruption which has become cancerous in Ghana”, explaining that Parliament has no option than to demonstrate extreme concern about the problems and threats that corruption poses to the stability and security of the country.

    He said corruption undermines state institutions and the values of democracy, as well as cultural and traditional values and the justice system. According to him these work against sustainable development and the rule of law.

  • Mike Ocquaye calls for bi-partisan inquiry into Vikileaks -

    Former Member of Parliament for Dome Kwabenya constituency, Prof Mike Ocquaye, has called for a Parliamentary nquiry into comments made by sacked Deputy Communication Minister, Victoria Hammah, on a leaked tape.

    Prof Ocquaye who is also a former Second Deputy Speaker of Parliament said Parliament is mandated to enquire into allegations of corruption such as those made by Victoria Hammah.

    Miss Hammah said on the leaked tape that has gone viral since last week that the Minister of Gender, Women and Social Protection played a key role in the August 25 ruling of the Supreme Court Judges on the 2012 Election Petition.


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Research

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Danquah Institute's research projects for 2009 fall within the purview of one of our two major thematic programmes: governance and media. Both are run by our in-house research department, with specific projects drawing on the skills and knowledge of individual researchers as the project requires. Whilst our major projects for this year are exclusively within these fields, we plan to expand our capacity in 2010 into the economic sphere.

Election Analysis, Governance Programme - Ongoing

One of the major ongoing projects at the DI is a detailed post-election analysis of the results. Building on the first-hand knowledge and insight gained last year during our involvement with the election campaign, our researchers have undertaken detailed research on both the parliamentary and presidential results, in both rounds from the national level right down to individual constituencies. Combining this with exclusive data collected by the DI from each constituency in the run-up to the election has enabled the Danquah Institute to provide a unique and authoritative account of the underlying factors influencing the result.

Much of this analysis will be published in the DI Quarterly, as well as being serialised in the major daily national newspaper, The Statesman, amongst others.

The Media and the 2008 Election, Media Programme 2Q-3Q

Complementing our Election Analysis Project, the Media and the Election project looks at how the print and broadcast media covered the election, collating information on the number and angle of stories in the newspaper, and conducting research into the effect of news coverage on the campaigns, parties and public.

This research will be presented at a seminar convened later in the year (see below).

Course on Economic Freedom 2Q

As a believer in the principles of free trade market economies and fundamental individual rights, the Danquah Institute intends promoting these philosophies primarily amongst students, activists, young professionals and teachers or lecturers through series of programs in a camp environment.

The programs shall combine debates, group discussions and lectures with topics as the Basis of freedom, What is freedom, Basic principles of economics and what economic freedom entails, What are the conditions of economic freedom, economic freedom and prosperity, Ghana’s economic and political freedom, Democracy and economic freedom etc.

At the end of the camp, participants will present proposals to study Ghana’s economic problems or issues. The selected proposal shall have its writer awarded a scholarship to study community development and advocacy worth US$7,000.

Government Communications Structure, Media Programme 2Q

This Project builds on the communications expertise of the Danquah Institute, headed as it is by a former Editor-in-Chief of The Statesman and with the Head of Research, Nana Attobrah Quaicoe, having studied for a Masters in Communication Studies at the University of Ghana with a background in professional journalism.

The DI proposes to carry out detailed research to identify the weaknesses of the present system of Government Communications under both current and former administrations. Drawing on detailed interviews with key individuals within the Government Communications Structure, this project will enable the DI to present a conclusive picture of the flaws and limitations of the existing set-up. This will form the foundation for a detailed series of proposals for reform, which will be formulated on the basis of comparative research and expert consultations.

This will be published in July.

Decentralisation and Local Government, 3QGovernance Programme

One of the most talked about issues in Ghana, decentralisation has been the subject of prolific examination from numerous quarters. Nevertheless, the importance of the issue and the fact that all the discourse has produced next-to-no action has prompted the DI to weigh in on this vitally important subject. By undertaking fieldwork across the country, and combining this with high-levels interviews, the Danquah Institute will produce a clear, concise report set within a rigorous theoretical framework gained from comparative analysis carried out by one of our researchers at the University of Oxford. Setting out a compelling case for the reform of the current system, the DI’s proposals will reflect our commitment to liberal democracy and individual rights by advocating greater democratisation within a historically and cultural sensitive system.

The report will be launched in October/November in conjunction with a campaign to ensure maximum impact amongst decision-makers and the media.

Challenges in Health Care Personnel Training 3Q

A lot has been said and written about the inadequate supply of healthcare professionals from Ghana’s health training institutions. The NPP advocated for a National Health Insurance System (NHIS) to replace the obnoxious cash and carry system.

When it came to power in 2001, it moved to fulfill that campaign promise. In its passion to abolish the cash and carry system, it ignored the many criticisms against the NHIS, not the least the expected influx of patients. The critics were worried that the system did not have the staffing capacity to handle high patient turnout. While outpatient department attendance has increased from a yearly average of 0.38 per capita in 2001 to 0.7 per capita in 2007 the enormous growth and spread in coverage of the National Health Insurance Scheme may have reduced the problem of cash and carry system of the past but then it has intensified the challenges in the availability of healthcare personnel. Indeed due to the NHIS, healthcare facilities have been grossly overwhelmed. The country thus faces an uphill challenge in the provision of basic healthcare.

While out patients department attendance has increased from a yearly average of 0.38 per capita in 2001 to 0.7 per capita in 2007, the ratio of doctors and nurses to patients is woefully skewed and hence the further choking of our hospitals with patients without sufficient doctors, nurses and laboratory scientist to attend to them, the contact hours between doctors and patients are also shortened.

Ghana has six public universities, ten polytechnics and several private universities but only the College of Health Sciences at University of Ghana and Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and technology (KNUST) for instance run programs in clinical laboratory sciences. Again, only KNUST offers program in Pharmacy. All ten polytechnics run programs in industrial laboratory sciences but not clinical. The country’s total enrollment for nurses training colleges has jumped from 700 students in 2000 to 7000 students in 2008 but yet it’s inadequate.

The Danquah Institute proposes to examine the feasibility of expanding or including the polytechnics as health training institutions thus pushing for reforms in health care education and training at the tertiary level.

It proposes to do this through field work across the country combined with sessions with the stake holders such as committee of vice chancellors and principals (CVCP), National Accreditation Board, Nurses and Midwifery Council for Ghana, Ministry of Health, Coalition of NGO’s in health, World Health Organization (WHO) Ghana office and health workers.
At the end of the sessions, DI will sponsor the preparation of curriculum, faculty recruitment policy and the M.O.U between the 10 regional hospitals which will serve as practical training centres for the personnel and the 10 polytechnics.

Biometric Voting, Governance Programme 4Q

The final major DI programme for 2009 will look at the advantages, disadvantages and feasibility of introducing a biometric system of voting for Ghana’s 2012 Presidential and Parliamentary election. This issue was first put on the political agenda in Ghana by the DI’s Executive Director in the wake of the 2008 election. Despite the praise Ghana received from the international community for a largely peaceful, free and fair election, for those closely involved with the polls it is clear that this must be no cause for complacency as there were significant irregularities that must be addressed. Biometric voting has been successfully implemented in countries spanning the globe – from Venezuela to South Korea, with Mozambique set to join their ranks following their October 2009 elections. The DI’s research department will undertake analysis of the success of the system elsewhere and its suitability for use in Ghana.

This will support the major national symposium the DI will be convening on the subject on 7 December 2009.